The Ministry of Agriculture and Forests, General Directorate of Livestock, continues its “Genomic Selection” studies, in which the breeding value is determined by taking advantage of the genetic characteristics of the animals, without slowing down. The objective of the project is to obtain a maximum increase in animal production by artificial insemination with semen from high-yielding animals.
The determination of the economic characteristics of yield in animals by many genes is a significant obstacle for breeders in terms of high yield.
MAKE GENE MAPS
Genomic selection studies conducted by the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry remove this barrier from being a problem.
With genomic selection, genes that are controlled by many genetic regions and that determine the performance characteristics of cattle are detected.
Thanks to this technology, genetic maps are obtained from studies carried out using DNA sequences.
With genetic maps, it is possible to estimate breeding value in terms of yield traits using genetic information.
IT IS DETERMINED IF BULLS CAN BREED WHEN THEY ARE ALREADY
Through this determination of breeding value, the DNA of bulls is examined while they are still calves and it can be decided whether this will be a suitable bull that will provide the desired yield in the future. . With this technology, farmers can find out if their cattle can be used as breeding stock at a younger age by having them tested.
EXTERNAL DEPENDENCE ON GENETIC MATERIAL WILL REDUCE
With genomic selection, the supply of reproductive material suitable for our country will be ensured by national means and foreign dependence will be reduced in the use of reproductive material and genetic material (sperm, embryo). With the implementation of genomic technologies in animal husbandry, the production of high quality breeding stock and the competitive animal production required by our country nationwide will be paved.
INCREASE IN PRODUCTION OF TARGET ANIMALS
Genomic selection studies began in 2016 and the process of establishing a reference population for the Holstein breed was completed. Work on the Simmental race continues unabated.
It aims to increase animal production by providing highly productive breeds using semen obtained from bulls of Holstein-Friesian and Simmental breeds, whose breeding genomic value has been determined, in artificial insemination applications.
MINISTER KIRİŞCI: “WE WANT TO TAKE TECHNOLOGY AND AGRICULTURE TO THE HIGHEST LEVELS”
The Minister of Agriculture and Forestry, Professor Vahit Kirişci, said that there are dizzying developments in the field of technology in the world every day and underlined the importance for our country and the ministry of not not miss this.
Stressing that if the development of countries was largely measured by the production of steel or energy in the past, today this assessment is entirely made according to the criteria of information and information technologies, Minister Kirişci said they have developed visionary policies for this reason.
Stressing that technological developments enable more skilled production, Kirişci said, “Technology is important, but agriculture is also important. The most beautiful thing is to combine technology and agriculture at the highest level and to show all kinds of sensitivity. As a ministry, we use technologies that take care of the environment, improve quality and maximize efficiency.
Emphasizing that as a ministry, they benefit from all the possibilities of science, Kirişci said: “In view of the developments made in recent years, these innovative projects are successfully implemented in animal production as well as in animal production. vegetable”. transmitted the information.