Artificial system

Privacy bill would set rules on use of personal data, artificial intelligence

OTTAWA — The federal Liberals plan to introduce privacy legislation today to give Canadians more control over their personal data and introduce new rules for the use of artificial intelligence.

OTTAWA — The federal Liberals plan to introduce privacy legislation today to give Canadians more control over their personal data and introduce new rules for the use of artificial intelligence.

The bill, which will be introduced by Innovation Minister François-Philippe Champagne, aims to fulfill his mandate to advance the federal digital charter, strengthen consumer privacy protections and provide clear rules for fair competition in the online market.

The digital charter sets out 10 principles that range from guaranteed control of information to meaningful penalties for misuse of data.

The legislation is expected to revive some threads of a previous bill, introduced by the Liberals in late 2020, which did not become law.

This bill would have required companies to obtain consent from customers in plain language, not in a lengthy legal document, before using their personal data.

It was also intended to ensure that Canadians could demand that their information on social media platforms such as Facebook or Twitter be permanently deleted.

The bill would have given the federal Privacy Commissioner order-making powers, including the ability to require a company to stop collecting data or using personal information, and to recommend that a scheduled court imposes a fine.

However, he ignored longstanding calls from privacy and accountability advocates for federal law governing personal information to apply explicitly to political parties.

Daniel Therrien, who has long pushed for reforms as federal privacy commissioner, criticized the previous bill as “an overall step backwards” from the current law.

It would give consumers less control and organizations more flexibility in monetizing personal data without increasing liability, he said in May last year, before the legislation expired when the election was called. general.

Therrien, whose term as commissioner recently ended, also said the legislation puts commercial interests ahead of people’s privacy rights, and he advocated for a framework that would make life deprived of a human right.

Philippe Dufresne, the government candidate to replace Therrien, told a House of Commons committee this week that the upcoming bill must recognize privacy as a “fundamental right”.

This report from The Canadian Press was first published on June 16, 2022.

Jim Bronskill, The Canadian Press