Leaf EU http://leaf-eu.org/ Sun, 26 Sep 2021 20:02:49 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.8 http://leaf-eu.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/leaf-eu-icon-150x150.png Leaf EU http://leaf-eu.org/ 32 32 Major Apple and Tesla Suppliers Halt Production Due to China’s Electricity Crisis http://leaf-eu.org/major-apple-and-tesla-suppliers-halt-production-due-to-chinas-electricity-crisis/ Sun, 26 Sep 2021 16:27:00 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/major-apple-and-tesla-suppliers-halt-production-due-to-chinas-electricity-crisis/

TAIPEI – Several key suppliers to Apple and Tesla have halted production at some of their Chinese facilities to comply with Beijing’s stricter energy consumption policy, endangering the continuity of the supply chain for a peak season for electronics, including the latest iPhones.

Eson Precision Engineering, a subsidiary of Foxconn – the world’s largest iPhone assembler – and a key supplier of mechanical parts to Apple and Tesla, announced on Sunday that it had suspended production from Sunday to Friday at its facilities in the Chinese city of Kunshan live response to the city’s policy of shutting down the supply of electricity for industrial use.

“The company will leverage its inventory to maintain operation during production shutdown,” Eson said in a filing with the Taiwan Stock Exchange. “We plan to organize the production on weekends or during the next holidays [next month] to meet customer needs. “

China’s crackdown on energy use stems from a combination of reasons – soaring coal and natural gas prices, as well as Beijing’s efforts to reduce emissions and increased demand for energy. – and has an impact on a wide range of industries. It comes at a time when global markets are shaken by the debt crisis hitting China Evergrande Group, one of the country’s leading real estate developers.

Unimicron Technology, a major circuit board maker and key supplier to Apple, said its subsidiaries in the Chinese cities of Suzhou and Kunshan in Jiangsu Province were also to stop production from Sunday noon until the end of the month. The Taiwanese company said it would mobilize production capacity at its other manufacturing sites to mitigate the impact, according to its filing on Sunday.

IPhone speaker component supplier Concraft Holding, which has manufacturing facilities in the Chinese city of Suzhou, said in a stock file that it would suspend production for five days until noon Thursday and use its inventory to respond to the request.

Key iPhone assembler Pegatron, which operates huge production sites in Kunshan and Suzhou, told Nikkei Asia on Sunday evening that its facilities were operating as usual for the time being, but had already prepared generators if the company was receiving further notice from municipal governments.

To date, Foxconn’s manufacturing plants in Longhua, Guanlan, Taiyuan and Zhengzhou – the world’s largest iPhone manufacturing complex – had not yet been affected by the power supply restrictions on Sunday, according to two. people familiar with the matter.

A man walks near a coal-fired power station in Harbin, Heilongjiang Province. Soaring coal prices, along with Beijing’s efforts to cut emissions, have sparked an energy crisis. © Reuters

Several key chip packaging and testing service providers supplying Intel, Nvidia and Qualcomm have also received notices to suspend production at their facilities in Jiangsu for several days, people with knowledge of the matter told Nikkei Asia, pointing out. thus endangered an electronic industry affected by the supply of chips. bite.

Chang Wah Technology, one of the leading chip packaging material manufacturers supplying NXP, Infineon and ASE Tech Holding, said in a stock exchange filing on Sunday night that it must comply with the government’s call to stop the production from the evening of September 26 until the end. of the month.

The shutdown of production in several Chinese provinces could send another shockwave through the global technology and automotive supply chain, which has already suffered from unprecedented shortages of chips and components and is still experiencing hard times. disruption due to COVID variants in Vietnam and Malaysia.

The suspension of industrial electricity supply comes amid Beijing’s recent intensified targeting of provinces such as Liaoning, Jilin and Heilongjiang for failing to reduce their total energy use. Beijing has pledged to impose tougher sanctions in the event of failure to meet the targets. Other provinces, such as Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Guangdong, where many technology makers are based, are among those with restrictions on industrial electricity supply.

Many small and medium-sized businesses have also felt the energy pressure, as local governments seek to deal with Beijing’s new policies. “We also received a notice that the power would be cut from September 25 to 28 every day from 8 a.m. to midnight,” a Dongguan-based electronics supplier told Nikkei Asia. “We could only ask our production line workers to take night shifts to ship certain products. “

The tighter controls affected a wide range of traditional industries, encompassing coal and steel production as well as electronics manufacturing, which accounted for a large portion of China’s total exports in 2020.

Additionally, the power suspension creates uncertainty for the continuity of the technology supply chain in the coming months, which mark the busiest time of year as companies strive to meet the demand. Christmas request.

Chinese President Xi Jinping told the United Nations General Assembly last week that China will no longer build coal-fired power plants in the future, as his country aims to switch to green energy. China has said it will control carbon emissions, which are expected to peak by 2030 and then decline. The country’s ultimate goal is to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060.

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Nonpoint covers “When Doves Cry” by Prince http://leaf-eu.org/nonpoint-covers-when-doves-cry-by-prince/ Sun, 26 Sep 2021 14:04:30 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/nonpoint-covers-when-doves-cry-by-prince/

Nonpoint covered Prince and the Revolution’s “When Doves Cry”, and he earned the seal of approval from Prince’s bandmates.

The track was originally released in 1984 by Prince and the Revolution, and now Nonpoint offers a more metallic take on the classic.

Check out Nonpoint’s coverage below:

And here is the original of Prince and the Revolution:

Revolution member Dr Fink reacted to Nonpoint’s coverage saying “I just listened to Doves and thought it was great!”

“The review of ‘When Doves Cry’ from Prince and the Revolution by Nonpoint rocks like a champion bullfighter killing a precious bull! ” he added.

Speaking about their cover, Nonpoint singer Elias Soriano commented:

“Over the years our fans have always had a quiet romance with the songs we love to cover. Seeing that our biggest run in this category, our Phil Collins cover of “In The Air Tonight”, was a suggestion from a friend and fan of the band, we thought it was only appropriate to let all of our fans have the chance to throw their hats in the ring this time. So, in the midst of a global pandemic, we hosted a parenthesis-style voting tournament with a roster of contenders from Metallica to DMX.

As fans voted for a few weeks, it was exciting to see him go from 16 songs to the last two, Metallica – Nothing Else Matters vs Prince’s – When Doves Cry. When they picked Prince, the real work began. “We went through version after version. We knew we had to do it justice in the greatest possible way as a tribute to Prince and always do it No. Period. Our fans will be singing it for years to come.”

Nonpoint’s most recent album, X, was released in 2018.

55 best metal covers of classic rock hits

”55


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Smart meters: the easy part and the hard part | A new shade of green | Sherry Listgarten http://leaf-eu.org/smart-meters-the-easy-part-and-the-hard-part-a-new-shade-of-green-sherry-listgarten/ Sun, 26 Sep 2021 13:18:45 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/smart-meters-the-easy-part-and-the-hard-part-a-new-shade-of-green-sherry-listgarten/

Deploying a smart meter has an easier part and a more difficult part. The simplest part is to install the new meters and radios and the associated software. I’m saying this part is (relatively) easy because it’s hard to mess up too much. The hardest part is developing time-based pricing plans that are widely adopted, fair, and that will help customers and the utility save on costs and emissions. This part is pretty easy to mess up; it has happened several times. I’ll talk briefly about both sides here.

Many of you reading this already have smart meters and are starting to use hourly rates. I would love to hear your experience so far. Palo Alto is late in the game. The City of Palo Alto Utilities (CPAU) will begin replacing the 30,000 old electricity meters in two years, as well as the 9,000 old water meters. They will also modernize the 45,000 gas and water meters to detect and transmit hourly usage information. The roll-out will be completed by the end of 2024, when the utility will be able to roll out tariffs according to the hour of use in 2025.

I am really looking forward to this change. The main reason for my enthusiasm has to do with electricity tariffs. The cost (and emissions) of electricity vary widely throughout the day and year. A time-invariant rate does not correctly estimate energy, which means that we are not using energy efficiently. If we want affordable, clean electricity that closely matches our demand, then our tariffs need to include a time component, and smart meters are the infrastructure that allows that.


Demand in California (blue) varies by time and season, as does the amount of solar (yellow) and wind (green) energy available. Summer has greater demand, increasing in the afternoon and evening. Winter has less sun and more wind than summer. The result is large differences in “net demand” (red), which is demand minus solar and wind power. We want to equalize (and lower) this “net demand” curve to reduce the amount of peak capacity we need to build. Source: CAISO

Once we have well-designed tariff plans, we can expect many benefits from these smart meters. There are even a few benefits that we will reap automatically. Here is my list.

1. The utility and residents can buy electricity cheaply. Electricity is generally more expensive in the evening and less expensive at midday. When electricity rates better reflect the true cost of energy, residents can choose to shift their use, as they see fit, to cheaper times. Residents and the public service will then save on costs. For this to work well, the tariff design must be efficient, which is covered in Part 2 of this article.

2. The utility will be able to reimburse residents’ electricity contributions more accurately. A resident can supply electricity to the grid from rooftop solar power, a home battery, or even an EV battery on time. Electricity contributions are more valuable when supply is scarce, and reimbursement rates should take this into account. This should help make household batteries, for example, more affordable.

3. Residents can save money when the utility warns them of potential water leaks or other significant abnormal uses. During the pilot program of approximately four years for these meters in Palo Alto, water leaks were detected in 30% of the households!

4. Residents can save money by doing their own analysis of their usage, which will be reported on an hourly basis (or finer if they request a ZigBee radio). A resident might be surprised at the amount of electricity they use at night, for example, or the amount of water for irrigation, and be able to make adjustments to reduce costs.

5. The network will become more resilient as the utility is better able to detect, locate and respond to voltage deviations and outages. In addition, hourly usage profiles help the utility maintain and improve its electricity, gas and water distribution networks more efficiently.


Example of display of power grid management. Source: Report of the Palo Alto Public Services Advisory Board, 2021

6. Meters allow more careful management of the voltage on the distribution network, which can reduce the overall energy consumption by 0.5% to 1%.

7. There are also more modest benefits. For example, service transitions can be performed without the need to make an appointment to read a meter. And the new meters are more accurate than some of the older (and slower) meters. (1)

While the utility will save on the cost (2) and difficulty (3) of manual meter reading, I don’t see this as a benefit as they will need staff to manage the new metering infrastructure, and that staff costs more or less balance. (4)

The trick to achieving many of these benefits is a well-designed pricing plan that is aggressive but fair, one that saves most households money but all households break even. . Such a plan will likely have these characteristics:

– Off-peak rates are less than half of peak rates, to better motivate customers to make changes that are right for them.

– The peak period (high rate) is relatively narrow (eg four hours instead of six).

– Customers are made aware of the tools they can use to plan their energy use when they want (eg, a device scheduler).

– Customers are registered by default.

– There is a risk-free period that allows customers to try a rate and opt out if it does not suit them.

– Customers are allowed to waive hourly rates entirely.

Palo Alto ran a poorly designed pilot of hour-of-use rates from 2012 to 2017, which resulted in virtually no change in usage or resident bills. The best and worst rates differed only 5-10% for much of the year, with electricity being slightly cheaper from 11 p.m. to 6 a.m. Even in the height of summer, the highest electricity rate (noon to 6 p.m. on weekdays) was only 50% higher than the lowest. The peak period to avoid was six hours. And since few EV owners were charging during that interval anyway, they had little opportunity to save.


The usage time tariffs for the CPAU pilot were not well designed based on what we know today. Source: Palo Alto Finance Committee Report, 2012

The new hourly rates will be very different. They will encourage midday use and discourage evening use. (Mornings and evenings will fall somewhere in between.) The new rates will be much more aggressive. CPAU spokesperson Catherine Elvert explains: “The usage period rate differential is expected to be larger than that developed during the 2013-14 period, as the price differential of the market is bigger now. »More and more people now have electrical loads that they can easily move (for example, electric vehicles or electric cooling / heating), and more tools are available to help move these loads (for example, programming thermostats).

Sacramento Municipal Utility District made a pilot with aggressive usage rates – 27 cents between 4 p.m. and 7 p.m. versus 8 cents at other times – and found they were able to move 8-10% of their load during off-peak hours. And that was almost ten years ago. Clean energy of the peninsula more recently found that they were able to reduce by 50% the peak energy of charging among the electric vehicles registered in a pilot project of managed charging. It is clear that we can shift demand significantly, and therefore reduce costs and emissions, with the right incentives and tools.

CPAU works with experienced consultants to help design the deployment of smart meters. They have made several deployments and should be able to help residents and the utility get the most out of the new meters.

I would love to hear your questions or comments on the deployment of smart meters and potential new tariff designs. I just wish it happened sooner.

Notes and references
1. To be fair, this may not be viewed as a benefit by residents living with these older meters! But that’s a plus for the rest of us. CPAU spokeswoman Catherine Evert said the public service “does not anticipate this will be a widespread problem.”

2. The utility will allow residents to opt out of smart meters, and these withdrawals will continue to incur meter reading costs.

3. Municipal literature indicates that meter reader injuries are not uncommon.

4. The city estimated in 2018 the measurable annual financial benefits as follows:


And the estimate of the measurable annual financial costs (mainly additional staff) is as follows:

5. The utility provides documentation for customers on smart meters here. The results of the previous pilot study can be viewed here (2017). Relevant reports can be found here (approval of the 2018 plan) and here (funding approval 2021).

6. This presentation by Strategen Consulting reviews some smart meter pilots across the country. Each region has different constraints and objectives, but there are still lessons to be learned. Rocky Mountain Institute Examines Time-Based Fare Designs here. The Brattle group has a brief overview, although not everyone agrees with the author.

7. Gennady Sheyner wrote about smart meters a few months ago when the Utilities Advisory Board approved their funding. His article has more information on the deployment.

Current climate data (August 2021)
Global impacts, American impacts, metric CO2, Climate dashboard (updated annually)

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Overview KB5005653 for Microsoft Windows 10 Version 1809 Network Framework 3.5, 4.7.2 and 4.8. http://leaf-eu.org/overview-kb5005653-for-microsoft-windows-10-version-1809-network-framework-3-5-4-7-2-and-4-8/ Sun, 26 Sep 2021 07:06:54 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/overview-kb5005653-for-microsoft-windows-10-version-1809-network-framework-3-5-4-7-2-and-4-8/

Last night Microsoft released the Global Update for KB5005625 for Windows 10 version 1809. KB5005540 for .NET Framework 3.5 and 4.7.2 and KB5005540. A preview of Windows 10 version 1809 for .NET Framework 3.5, 4.7.2, and 4.8 has been released. Global update for KB5005653: September 21, 2021 for Windows 10 version 1809 and Windows Server version 1809. .NET Framework 3.5, 4.7.2, and 4.8 have overall reliability improvements. It is recommended that this update be used as part of regular maintenance routines. To download and install the update, go to Settings -> Update & security -> Windows Update and select Looking for Updates And Download and install now Absoutely. You can download this update from Windows Update or from Microsoft Update and the Microsoft Update Catalog. More information about this update can be found below or through Microsoft.

Download -> Download KB5005653 Update for Windows 10

You can download KP5005653 for Windows 10 directly from Microsoft here:

Download -> Download Microsoft Security Updates for September 2021

Additional information about KB5005653 for Windows 10 is available from Microsoft.

Download -> Download Microsoft Security Updates for September 2021

Security updates for September 2021 are now available for download:

Via the .NET Framework update history

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Starmer faces wave of anger at Labor conference chaos | Workforce http://leaf-eu.org/starmer-faces-wave-of-anger-at-labor-conference-chaos-workforce/ Sat, 25 Sep 2021 22:32:00 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/starmer-faces-wave-of-anger-at-labor-conference-chaos-workforce/

Keir Starmer is fighting to restore authority over the Labor Party after a deadly defeat at the hands of the unions and the left has sparked a storm of criticism over his performance as leader.

Ahead of a conference billed as the moment when Starmer would present himself as future prime minister to the British people, the Labor leader was forced on Saturday to withdraw his intention to limit the role of party members and increase that of MPs in selecting future candidates party leaders, after the unions united in the opposition to block the movement.

As the humiliating retirement was announced, allies of her deputy, Angela Rayner, made clear their fury at the way Starmer and her office had allowed what she saw as an unnecessary argument to dominate on the first day of the conference. and eclipse a set of major economic policies. she announced in her opening speech.

At a national executive committee meeting on Saturday morning, Rayner proposed amendments to Starmer’s plans in a desperate attempt to find a way forward. “She didn’t agree with Starmer’s plans and was trying to find ways to stop them from destroying the conference,” an ally said.

Rayner used a Times interview on Saturday to say that she would be ready to run for party leadership in the future: “If I felt it was the right thing to do for the party and the right thing for the party. country, then I would go and do it.

Starmer loyalists have tried to talk about the leader’s success in forcing other reforms that would make it harder for left-wing activists to deselect Labor MPs. “He locked out the far left. This is a major achievement, ”said one leader.

But there was widespread dismay across all wings of the party at how Labor had been embroiled in more confrontational internal arguments just as they hoped to point their guns on the Tories and present its leader as a future occupier. of n ° 10.

In a scathing Observer article, former ghost chancellor John McDonnell declares that he can no longer play the role of the former and loyal statesman.

He says Starmer “abandoned the platform on which he was elected leader of the Labor Party, dismissed much of the large team that got him elected and reached the Blairite playbook and resurrected the Blair’s former crew, of Peter Mandelson as his consigliere, combined with an appetite for factional purges that makes the Kinnock era look tame. The result is that we are seeing something akin to the performance of a group. Blairite tribute with the same old stunts and strategies deployed on time, but with a lot more venom.

Starmer and the shadow cabinet are still hoping to save the conference with a series of major announcements on job security, green policies and education, among others, in the coming days. The Labor leader is also determined to increase the volume of criticism from the Tories over shortages of truck drivers and fuel as well as the looming cost-of-living crisis.

Starmer told the Observer he required emergency visas for truck drivers so they could stock up quickly. “Labor is also demanding the cancellation of the universal credit cut and the end of the national insurance tax hike. Both worsen the situation for workers.

“Finally, let’s end the panic in the short term with a plan to address labor shortages by improving working conditions and UK industry so that we buy, manufacture and sell more in this country, building together a stronger future. “

Ed Miliband will push forward ambitious Biden-style plans to invest in a greener industry, including the steel industry, on Sunday as part of the “new green deal.” Miliband said it was not time to be careful. “We must bet on green because it is the only way to achieve economic and climate justice together, and it is the only way to fight the greatest threat to humanity,” said the former chief of the party and shadow minister of affairs.

But anger at Starmer’s misconception over leadership rule changes has seriously shaken morale, even among shadow ministers who see themselves as scrupulously loyal. “It’s a total disaster,” said a frontbench member.

According to Starmer’s original proposal to change the rules for electing officers, the one-member, one-vote system would have been replaced by a return to the electoral college made up of unions and affiliates, MPs and party members – each with an equal share. Even party moderates said the plan – designed to make it harder for left-wing members to elect a leader like Jeremy Corbyn – was a tough sell because it seemed to send the message the party didn’t trust his members.

Delegates were due to vote on Saturday night on a revised package under which candidates for leadership should have the support of 20% of MPs, up from 10% currently.

Other conference hot spots for the leader could include wrangling over Labor’s stance on trans rights and the changes mandated by the Equality and Human Rights Commission after its inquiry into the anti-Semitism.

Starmer also faced criticism from its predecessor. Speaking at a young Labor rally, Jeremy Corbyn suggested that the left could organize against Starmer: “The Electoral College plan may have been defeated for now, but we have seen the true colors of The direction.

“If we want Labor to be a vehicle for winning elections to face the climate emergency and redistribute wealth and power to the many from the few, then we have to come together and organize.

“There is another way forward, for Labor and Britain, which is based on peace and justice, in policies that the majority of people really want, not what the establishment and its supporters – media say they should want to. If our leaders do not stand up for this path, our movement must and will. “

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]]> Microsoft WPBT flaw allows hackers to install rootkits on Windows devices http://leaf-eu.org/microsoft-wpbt-flaw-allows-hackers-to-install-rootkits-on-windows-devices/ Sat, 25 Sep 2021 15:16:08 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/microsoft-wpbt-flaw-allows-hackers-to-install-rootkits-on-windows-devices/

Security researchers have discovered a flaw in the Microsoft Windows Platform Binary Table (WPBT) that could be exploited in simple attacks to install rootkits on all Windows computers shipped since 2012.

Rootkits are malicious tools created by threat actors to evade detection by burrowing deep into the operating system and used to fully support compromised systems while avoiding detection.

WPBT is a fixed firmware ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface) table introduced by Microsoft from Windows 8 to allow vendors to run programs every time a device is started.

However, in addition to allowing OEMs to force installation of critical software that cannot be bundled with Windows installation media, this mechanism can also allow attackers to deploy malicious tools, as Microsoft warns in its own documentation.

“Since this feature provides the ability to persistently run system software in the context of Windows, it becomes essential that WPBT-based solutions are as secure as possible and do not expose Windows users to conditions. exploitable, ”says Microsoft.

“In particular, WPBT solutions must not include malware (that is, malware or unwanted software installed without adequate user consent).”

Impacts all computers running Windows 8 or later

The weakness found by Eclypsium researchers has been present on Windows computers since 2012, when the feature was first introduced with Windows 8.

These attacks can use various techniques that allow writing to memory where ACPI tables are located (including WPBT) or by using a malicious boot loader.

This can be by abusing the BootHole vulnerability that bypasses Secure Boot or through DMA attacks from vulnerable devices or components.

“The Eclypsium research team has identified a weakness in Microsoft’s WPBT capability that can allow an attacker to execute malicious code with kernel privileges when a device boots,” Eclypsium researchers said.

“This weakness can potentially be exploited through multiple vectors (eg, physical, remote, and supply chain access) and by multiple techniques (eg, malicious boot loader, DMA, etc.)”

Eclypsium shared the following demo video which shows how this security flaw can be exploited.

Mitigation measures include the use of WDAC policies

After Eclypsium informed Microsoft about the bug, the software giant recommended using a Windows Defender application control policy that helps control which binaries can run on a Windows device.

“The WDAC policy is also enforced for binaries included in the WPBT and should mitigate this problem,” Microsoft says in the support document.

WDAC policies can only be created on client editions of Windows 10 1903 and later and Windows 11 or on Windows Server 2016 and later.

On systems running older versions of Windows, you can use AppLocker policies to control which applications are allowed to run on a Windows client.

“These motherboard flaws can prevent initiatives like Secured-core due to the ubiquitous use of ACPI and WPBT,” added Eclypsium researchers.

“Security professionals need to identify, verify and harden the firmware used in their Windows systems. Businesses will need to consider these vectors and use a layered security approach to ensure that all available fixes are applied and identify any potential compromises on devices.

Eclypsium has found another attack vector that allows malicious actors to take control of the boot process of a targeted device and break OS-level security checks in the BIOSConnect feature of Dell SupportAssist, a software package. preinstalled on most Dell Windows devices.

As the researchers revealed, the problem “affects 129 Dell models of consumer and business laptops, desktops and tablets, including Secure Boot protected devices and Dell Secured-core PCs.” with around 30 million individual devices exposed to attacks.

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Renewable Energy Stocks: Now is the Time to Buy? http://leaf-eu.org/renewable-energy-stocks-now-is-the-time-to-buy/ Sat, 25 Sep 2021 15:00:00 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/renewable-energy-stocks-now-is-the-time-to-buy/

Renewable energy stocks have been on a wild ride so far this century as the industry has gone through a number of boom and bust cycles. We’ve seen stocks skyrocket, some of the biggest solar panel makers have gone out of business, and even finance companies have gone bankrupt.

Given what investors have seen happen in renewables over the past two decades and where the industry is today, here’s why I’m very bullish on renewables stocks right now.

Image source: Getty Images.

The story of growth

Renewable energies are booming around the world. The graph below shows the growth in wind and solar power generation in the United States during this century; you can see that they continue to grow rapidly. But wind and solar still only account for about 12% of all electricity produced in the United States.

Graph of wind power production in the United States

Wind power generation in the United States given by YCharts

Wind and solar now trump coal, natural gas and nuclear power on the sole basis of the cost of electricity, so there is no doubt that they will continue to grow. And as wind and solar become more economical, we’ll likely see more energy storage and new technologies like hydrogen emerge. The future is bright for renewables, as long as the companies you buy can make money with what they produce.

The financial situation becomes clearer

There are a number of ways to invest in the renewable energy industry, but I will use solar as a proxy because it has more state-owned companies than wind and a longer history in public markets than anything. like energy storage or hydrogen.

The solar industry has gone through many changes over the past decade as costs have fallen rapidly, some companies have gone bankrupt, and new business models have emerged. Today we are entering a more mature phase for the industry in which companies are establishing technological advantages and a scale that helps create a competitive divide. The result is steadily increasing profitability, which you can see below from First solar (NASDAQ: FSLR), Enphase Energy (NASDAQ: ENPH), SolarEdge Technologies (NASDAQ: SEDG), and SunPower (NASDAQ: SPWR).

FSLR Net Income Graph (TTM)

FSLR Net Income (TTM) given by YCharts

As mature as the solar industry becomes, other segments of renewable energy are not as mature. For example, energy storage, hydrogen and even emerging nuclear technologies are barely financially stable and closer to the nascent stage of the business cycle than to maturity.

The good news for investors is that we can find profitable and competitive renewable energy companies, which hasn’t always been the case.

How to invest in renewable energy today

I classify renewable investments into three categories: financiers, solar stocks, and speculative investments. And there is good opportunities in all three.

Financiers are companies that build or buy renewable energy projects, usually with long-term contracts to sell electricity to a utility. They generate very stable cash flow and often come with a dividend. Brookfield Renewable Energy Partners (NYSE: BEP) and NextEra energy partners (NYSE: NEP) are both leaders in this field and have exposure to wind and solar energy projects. They are also starting to acquire new technological projects like energy storage, which can provide a service to the grid. The reality of the energy industry is that a lot of money has to be invested to build projects and generate renewable electricity – and Brookfield Renewable Partners and NextEra Energy Partners are essential to making clean energy a reality.

I focus on the solar industry in part because there are very few publicly traded wind-focused companies in the United States. and Enphase Energy in power electronics at the module level. All three companies are riding the wave of solar power growth and have emerged as industry leaders as competitors have shrunk.

On the speculative side, I see a huge opportunity in hydrogen. Flowering energy (NYSE: BE) is a leader in the solid oxide fuel cell industry; he’s also built a nearly $ 1 billion emergency power business with new markets like electrolysis and marine power on the horizon. If costs continue to fall, Bloom Energy could be a big winner in the hydrogen industry.

Whether you want to take a risky bet on Bloom Energy, a safer investment in Brookfield Renewable Partners, or something in between, there is something for everyone in the renewable energy industry. And as the industry matures, we should also see profitability rise, which is good news for investors who can buy and own the best companies in the industry for the long term.

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The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the author and do not necessarily reflect those of Nasdaq, Inc.

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Updates from Nigeria, Climate Change and Tunisia http://leaf-eu.org/updates-from-nigeria-climate-change-and-tunisia/ Sat, 25 Sep 2021 11:46:15 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/updates-from-nigeria-climate-change-and-tunisia/

COVID-19 Maintains Persistent Economic Disruption in Nigeria

On Tuesday, Nigeria’s National Bureau of Statistics and the United Nations Development Program reported that around 20% of Nigerian workers have lost their jobs due to the COVID-19 pandemic. In fact, joint research examining the impact of the pandemic on Africa’s largest economy found a staggering 33% unemployment rate in the fourth quarter of 2020. Workers in the informal sector have particularly struggled to access credit. and financing to stay open as trade slows. Notably, losses across all sectors were not uniform, as more than half of the companies surveyed were successful in retaining their workforce, a finding that the authors say suggests Nigeria has maintained “pockets of resilience” throughout. throughout the pandemic.

In addition, on Wednesday, JP Morgan announced economic growth forecasts for Nigeria significantly lower than those of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Central Bank of Nigeria. JP Morgan now predicts that the Nigerian economy, which contracted 1.79% in 2020, will grow only 1.5% in 2021. The IMF and the Central Bank of Nigeria had estimated GDP growth at around 2.5 and 3%, respectively, for the country. This year. JP Morgan explained his prediction from a weaker outlook on the country’s “continued lack of foreign currency liquidity, underlying economic weakness, an emerging third wave of Covid-19 infections and slow vaccine rollout will slow down probably the recovery process “.

For more comments on the impacts of COVID-19 on the Nigerian economy, see: “Understanding the impact of the COVID-19 outbreak on the Nigerian economy. For more on job creation strategies for young Africans, see the article “Addressing Youth unemployment in Africa through industries without smokestacks: A synthesis on prospects, constraints, and Policies.” ”

Gabon wants to be paid for its role in the fight against climate change; South Africa takes action to reduce emissions

Earlier this week, Gabonese officials said the country would seek payment for its role in tackling climate change. Importantly, in March last year, a study published by the journal Nature found that many areas of the Congo Basin were showing signs of reduced carbon uptake and specifically predicted that, d ‘By 2030, the basin will absorb 14 percent less carbon than the previous one. 10 to 15 years old. This decrease in the carbon absorption capacity of the Congo Basin will be detrimental to the fight against climate change given the key role of the region in regulating moisture transport, rainfall regimes and the global climate. In fact, according to the study, while the Congo Basin is the second largest rainforest in the world behind the Amazon, it stores more carbon in the same area. Gabon, home to 12 percent of the Congo Basin, has managed to protect its share of rainforest, making it one of the few countries in the world with a negative carbon footprint.

In related updates, on Thursday, September 23, the South African cabinet adopted ambitious new emission reduction targets. As a result, South Africa, Africa’s largest greenhouse gas emitter, now aims to reduce its emissions between 350 million and 420 million tonnes of carbon dioxide by 2030. This announcement precedes the United Nations Climate Change Conference to be held in November where South Africa’s state-owned electricity company Eskom plans to apply for funding to help it switch from coal to renewable energy sources. Likewise, an announcement by the Minerals Council of South Africa said South African mining companies plan to invest $ 2.7 billion to build 2,000 megawatts of power generation capacity. Eskom’s persistent blackouts have prompted mining companies to develop power plants, Bloomberg says, and mining companies have shown willingness to move away from coal-fired power as investors become more vigilant about the climate crisis.

In other climate news, a Beninese startup has built computers from jerry cans, plastic containers used to transport liquids. The startup, BlowLab, not only used recycled jerry cans, old computer parts and other recycled materials to build computers, but also taught others how to build theirs for free. These computers are also cost effective: a traditional desktop computer can cost between 300 and 350,000 CFA francs ($ 0.54 and $ 625) while “jerrys” can cost between 100 and 150,000 CFA francs ($ 0.18 and $ 266). BlowLab has also announced its intention to make these computers available to schools in remote areas.

Tunisian President proclaims power by decree

On Wednesday September 22, Tunisian President Kais Saied announced new measures that will allow him to rule by decree, ignoring the provisions of the current constitution. The measures, which include granting the power to unilaterally issue legislative directives and appoint ministerial posts, follow the suspension of the Tunisian parliament and the dismissal of the prime minister by Saied on July 25. The actions of the past few months have drawn criticism from Saied. Tunisian political rivals as well as Western donors, who pressured Saied to take steps to find a new prime minister and restore democratic rule. On Thursday, four political parties opposed to the president (who ran as an independent) —Attayar, Al Jouhmouri, Akef and Ettakatol — issued a joint statement condemning Saied’s decision, saying: “We consider that the president has lost its legitimacy by violating the Constitution. ”The most represented party in Tunisia’s parliament, Ennahda, also rejected Saied’s request and had previously called his suspension from parliament a“ coup ”.

In Wednesday’s announcement, Saied said he would form a committee to draft amendments to the 2014 constitution with the aim of ultimately establishing “a true democracy in which the people are truly sovereign.” In the meantime, Saied has indicated that the preamble to the 2014 constitution and any clauses that do not contradict its new legislative and executive powers will still be enforceable.

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Enabling policy environment can fully benefit from gene editing for Indian agriculture http://leaf-eu.org/enabling-policy-environment-can-fully-benefit-from-gene-editing-for-indian-agriculture/ Sat, 25 Sep 2021 11:37:10 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/enabling-policy-environment-can-fully-benefit-from-gene-editing-for-indian-agriculture/
Indian agriculture

CRISPR-Cas-mediated gene editing has become a powerful technology capable of precisely modifying the genome of a wide variety of organisms.

The technology is based on an existing bacterial immune system and is adopted worldwide as a simple, precise and effective method to genetically improve living organisms, including animal and plant species for agriculture, food and nutrition. .

Genome editing technology makes it possible to modify plants’ own genes and does not depend on the insertion of foreign genes, unlike genetic engineering, to modify a particular trait. It has already been used to create crops with improved characteristics. For example, the generation of genome-modified rice with broad spectrum resistance to fire blight by modulating the function of the sucrose transporter gene; high-yielding rice by multiplex edition of three genes linked to yield; and genomic rice with high drought tolerance in combination with high yield ability by mutating abscisic acid receptors.

Likewise, the tomato has become resistant to powdery mildew disease through changes resulting in loss of function in the Mlo uncomfortable. The recent approvals of genome-modified fungi, soybeans, and petunia by the United States Department of Agriculture, and the nutritionally enhanced tomato edited by CRISPR by the Japanese government are significant examples of translational progress in this area that would encourage other countries, including India, to use CRISPR for various innovations in plant breeding.

The availability and adoption of these efficient genome engineering tools for precise editing would greatly assist Indian agriculture in developing crop varieties for climate resilience and nutritional security. While the Green Revolution has resulted in self-sufficiency in food production which has enabled the Indian government to pass the Right to Food Act-2013 to feed millions of people, but now is the time to s ” tackle larger issues such as crop adaptation to climate, depletion of natural resources, increased efficiency of input use and nutritional security of our nation.

With regard to crop adaptation, emphasis should be placed on combining stress tolerance in the field with characteristics related to yield improvement, such as improved photosynthesis, improved the acquisition of nutrients and the efficient use of natural resources in order to have more products with less inputs. Some of these examples of crop traits that need to be introduced into elite genotypes in India for climate adaptation using genome editing technology include cereal, oilseed and seed editing. millet to withstand extreme weather conditions, use water and nutrients more efficiently; non-leguminous crops to fix atmospheric nitrogen to reduce reliance on chemical nitrogen application; modify rice so that it grows with minimal water input and, therefore, reduce methane emissions and simultaneously grow crops with improved use of solar radiation or photosynthetic efficiency.

It is important to note that deregulation and global harmonization of the regulatory framework is essential for the timely commercialization of genome-modified crops for the benefit of smallholder farmers and consumers. Notably, genome-modified crops remain indistinguishable from conventionally selected variants and have been treated as non-GMOs by the United States, Canada, Australia, Japan, and other countries. Once the CRISPR genes are separated from the modified plants by backcrossing, they are identical to the natural genotypes of the crops.

Regulatory impunity for these edited crops is an absolute necessity to realize the full potential of this technology. If the plants produced by gene editing are similar to their unedited counterparts, it makes sense that they are not heavily regulated and are treated as plants of conventional breeding, as has been done by several countries in around the world, including the United States, Canada, Australia, Japan and Argentina.

From a seed industry perspective, if the Indian government also makes the same decision, it will pave the way for many small businesses to improve crops through gene editing.

These companies will be willing to invest in research and development, even if they cannot afford to invest in regulatory studies for GM events or the uncertainty of the approval process. It is very important that India also takes its decisions aligned with the major agricultural producing countries. It will have a significant impact on the seed trade. The Indian government has repeatedly wanted India to hold at least 10% of the world market for seed production. If we are aligned with the world opinion on gene editing, it will open more opportunities for India to be part of the world seed production centers and create important employment opportunities.

On the other hand, if genetically modified crops are heavily regulated in India, small businesses will miss out on this important scientific breakthrough and only the larger companies, which can afford the cost of complex regulations and can bear the uncertainty. regulatory authorities may be able to use this new technology in their breeding program. India could also miss out on seed production opportunities as seed companies will only choose countries that do not regulate gene editing for their seed production.

Therefore, the fate of crop improvement through gene editing in India is highly dependent on the decision of our regulatory agencies.

Authors

Professor KC Bansal, Former Director, ICAR- National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources, New Delhi and Dr Shivendra Bajaj, Executive Director, Seed Industry Federation of India, New Delhi

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India makes clean energy pledges at UN summit http://leaf-eu.org/india-makes-clean-energy-pledges-at-un-summit/ Sat, 25 Sep 2021 03:16:00 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/india-makes-clean-energy-pledges-at-un-summit/

India, at first United Nations General Assembly energy leaders meeting in 40 years, pledged to increase installed renewable energy capacity to 450 GW by 2030 and develop and implement a national hydrogen energy mission to increase annual green hydrogen production to 1 MT by 2030.

In addition, it announced the launch of a production-related incentive program to add 10 GW of photovoltaic solar panel manufacturing capacity by 2025.

India’s announcements were among new multibillion-dollar pledges made by countries on Friday to increase renewable energy and access to electricity and clean cooking technologies at the critical summit to step up efforts to reduce the ranks of nearly 800 million people living in energy poverty while setting the world on a trajectory towards net zero emissions by 2050.

India has announced the creation of a production capacity of 15 MMT of compressed biogas by 2024, to achieve a blend of 20% ethanol in gasoline by 2025-2026 and to improve the ” energy efficiency in agriculture, buildings, industry and transport sectors and promote energy efficient appliances and equipment to reduce the emission intensity of the GDP by 33 to 35% from the levels by 2005 by 2030.

More than $ 400 billion in new funding and investment was committed by governments and the private sector during the United Nations High-Level Dialogue on Energy.

More than 35 countries, ranging from small island developing states to large emerging and industrialized economies, have made significant new energy commitments in the form of energy pacts.

In addition, several new partnership initiatives were announced, aimed at providing and improving access to reliable electricity to more than one billion people.

The new commitments would lead to sharp increases in installed renewable energy capacity and significant improvements in energy efficiency around the world – leading to hundreds of new renewable energy installations and the creation of millions of new green jobs.

The energy summit came as world leaders grapple with the critical urgency of keeping the Paris Agreement’s 1.5-degree temperature target within reach and reducing emissions from 45% by 2030, while closing the energy access gap and providing the more than one billion people who currently depend on harmful fuels with clean cooking solutions.

The new commitments present the bold actions needed to meet the targets of Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG 7).

In addition to the pledges, the Dialogue will also produce a global roadmap for action and the timelines needed until 2030 to achieve the clean and affordable energy for all targets set out in SDG 7, towards net zero emissions by 2050, in accordance with the Paris Agreement on climate change.

The roadmap, which will be presented in the Secretary-General’s summary of the Dialogue, will call on governments, businesses and civil society organizations to close the energy access gap by 2030 and accelerate the transition to clean energies by tripling investments in clean energies. and energy efficiency by 2030.

It also calls for the phase-out of coal by 2030 for OECD countries and 2040 for all others, and a shift from fossil fuel subsidies to renewable energy investments, while creating new decent and healthy jobs and ensuring a just and inclusive transition.

The roadmap builds on inputs from expert working groups and was discussed in ministerial-level forums in June.

Recent reports from the IPCC and the UNFCCC have shown that countries do not act quickly enough on climate action to avoid disastrous consequences, and that even if countries meet all their NDC commitments under the the Paris Agreement, the collective impact would be only a fraction of what is needed to limit warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

In addition to mobilizing voluntary commitments, energy pacts can help by encouraging countries to define the detailed set of energy actions they have planned to achieve their goals and by providing a way to build partnerships and resources.

By engaging businesses, foundations, civil society organizations and other key players, the Compacts advance the concrete multi-stakeholder solutions and partnerships needed to achieve greater impact.

Over 150 energy pacts from national and local governments, businesses, foundations and international organizations, civil society and youth from all regions have been submitted for dialogue, reflecting actions and financial commitments up to in 2030.

Clean energy funding committed by national governments and the private sector in these pacts amounted to more than $ 400 billion for access and transition.

In addition to this, several foundations and industry associations aimed to mobilize significant additional funding for SDG 7.

Regarding access to energy, national governments are committed to providing reliable electricity to more than 166 million people around the world; private companies have pledged to reach just over 200 million people; and a number of foundations and professional associations have pledged to pursue partnerships to reach hundreds of millions more people.

Today, nearly 760 million people still do not have access to electricity and some 2.6 billion people do not have access to clean cooking solutions.

The cost of closing the energy access gap is estimated to be around $ 35 billion per year for access to electricity and $ 25 billion per year for clean cooking.

The annual investment in clean energy and energy efficiency required to achieve net zero emissions by 2050 is estimated at $ 4.4 trillion.

Responding to the commitments, UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said: “The commitments resulting from this UN-Energy-led process are a real signal of what is possible. I am pleased to see several of the major emitters – countries and sectors – – showing leadership through the high-level dialogue process as well as bold commitments to act. “

–IANS

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(Only the title and image of this report may have been reworked by Business Standard staff; the rest of the content is automatically generated from a syndicated feed.)

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