Green Revolution – Leaf EU http://leaf-eu.org/ Tue, 04 May 2021 03:35:21 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.1 http://leaf-eu.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/leaf-eu-icon-150x150.png Green Revolution – Leaf EU http://leaf-eu.org/ 32 32 UPDATE 2-US FDA to approve Pfizer COVID-19 vaccine for 12-15 year olds early next week http://leaf-eu.org/update-2-us-fda-to-approve-pfizer-covid-19-vaccine-for-12-15-year-olds-early-next-week/ Mon, 03 May 2021 21:36:23 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/update-2-us-fda-to-approve-pfizer-covid-19-vaccine-for-12-15-year-olds-early-next-week/

Bloomberg

Chinese tensions spill over as Europe heads to Biden

(Bloomberg) – A major investment deal struck in December between the European Union and China – after seven years of painful negotiations – could end up being the culmination of rapidly deteriorating ties again. and Germany each formulated legislation that would make life harder for Chinese entities to invest, while joining the United States in trading tit-for-tat sanctions with Beijing. The Italian government has gone from enthusiastic support for President Xi Jinping’s Belt and Road initiative to blocking planned acquisitions by Chinese companies. And in France, the Chinese ambassador did not even show up when he was summoned in March, citing “agenda reasons”. Taken together, these measures signal a hardening of the European position on Beijing. And the biggest change could yet be to come, with polls showing the German Green Party is on track for a major role in government after the September election, hinting at the prospect of a more skeptical cooling of the share of the largest economy in Europe. Premier Li Keqiang last week, and the two pledged closer cooperation on Covid-19 vaccines and tackling climate change. Still, the rhetoric in Berlin is that optimism around the relationship has faded, and a Chinese official called relations with Europe on a downward trajectory. Whether the Greens rise to power in Germany or not, EU-China relations are at a critical juncture, the official said, asking not to be identified when speaking on strategic issues. The multiple signs of tension suggest that the biggest players Europeans are approaching the views of President Joe Biden’s administration in its standoff with China. As Secretary of State Antony Blinken holds talks with his Group of Seven counterparts in London this week, a Europe more aligned with Washington would mean redressing the damage done to transatlantic relations by the Trump administration, with implications for the United States. trade, tariffs and access to “There has been a change of mood,” said Joerg Wuttke, president of the Beijing-based European Chinese Chamber of Commerce and a board member of the Mercator Institute of China Studies in Berlin, one of the entities sanctioned by China in March. He cited the “perfect storm” of China’s assertion towards Taiwan, its decision to impose political control over Hong Kong and international sanctions for alleged human rights violations in the Xinjiang region, covered by the fact that China has not followed through on its It is certain that Europe is not uniform in its outlook, with EU members like Hungary still keen to engage with China. And while Biden said China can expect “extreme competition” from the United States while also seeking to work with it on global issues such as climate change, Europe faces more. in a dilemma as she struggles to forge her own path. crucial since China is the EU’s largest trading partner, with a total volume of some $ 686 billion in 2020, exceeding US-China trade by $ 572 billion. Yet even the Netherlands, which is among China’s top 10 trading partners, is increasingly suspicious, shielding its tech companies from takeovers and adopting a dedicated Chinese strategy. According to the Chinese official, the United States has forced the EU to take sides. The sentiment was different just four months ago, when Merkel helped lead the bloc to seal the comprehensive EU-China investment deal, which Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said “A important milestone in our relations with China. ” Still subject to ratification by the European Parliament, it would offer better access to the Chinese market for European investors while committing China to respect “ambitious principles”, in particular on forced labor. Yet by the end of March the EU had joined the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom. by imposing sanctions on China for the alleged mistreatment of Muslim Uyghurs in Xinjiang, including forcing them to work. Beijing has responded with its own sanctions, while a public backlash has seen Swedish fashion retailer Hennes & Mauritz AB be the subject of an unofficial boycott. “The EU recently added other agenda items related to human rights, ideology and democracy,” said Zhang Monan, senior researcher. at the United States-Europe Institute at the China Center for International Economic Exchange in Beijing. “This kind of opposition and friction is expected to continue.” She added that the EU should formulate its policy independently as it does not want to be subordinate to the United States.The European Commission is now proposing rules to impose fines and block deals targeting foreign state-owned enterprises, while the cabinet de Merkel approved additional powers on foreign investment last week aimed at high-tech sectors, including artificial intelligence and quantum computing. China had hoped to separate economic issues from political issues and link Europe to its huge consumer market, but that’s increasingly impossible now, said an academic from a think tank affiliated with the Chinese government. Ratification of the CAI has become more difficult, said the person, who is not allowed to comment publicly due to rules on communicating with foreign media. Signs of tensions were seen during virtual talks led by Merkel and Li. Contrary to usual practice, the opening remarks were not broadcast live and there was no final press conference. A transcript released hours later by Germany showed Merkel touched on human rights, claiming there were differences of opinion especially over Hong Kong. “China and Germany have different views on some issues, that’s a fact,” Li told Merkel, urging Germany not to do so. interfere in internal affairs, according to a statement from the Chinese Foreign Ministry. Li said he hoped they could “eliminate unnecessary distractions” to maintain “healthy and stable” bilateral relations. The change in Europe has not been lost on Washington. An official in the Biden administration said there had been a dramatic shift in European thinking, rallying to the U.S. stance on China. There has also been real development in Germany, the official said. While all coalitions involve political compromises, the Greens have a harsher line on China than the current administration, calling for an end to Beijing’s “gross human rights violations” and for European and transatlantic coordination. closer on China. as the polls suggest, there would be continuity in German foreign policy, but with “different nuances” on China, said Jana Puglierin, head of the Berlin office of the European Council on Foreign Relations. “The Greens would clearly advocate a less mercantilist policy than the one we saw under Merkel,” she said. For now, Europe is determined to avoid any decoupling from China. French President Emmanuel Macron and Merkel held a joint appeal with Xi in April, and an April 28 report from China’s Global Times referred to “optimism and confidence in Sino-German cooperation” despite the risk of “some impacts ”after the elections. Merkel’s future successors and business leaders know the “great potential” of Europe working with China, “so they must ensure that healthy ties are not severed by a third party or internal conservative forces.” Still, Wuttke facing the European trade chamber said China underestimates the human rights concern in Germany. Especially after the departure of Merkel, who has favored engagement with China, this “will probably translate into perhaps a more assertive policy in Berlin,” he said. trusted source of business information. © 2021 Bloomberg LP


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Recovery and Resilience Facility: Belgium, Italy, Austria and Slovenia submit official recovery and resilience plans – The European Sting – Critical News & Insights on European Politics, Economy, Foreign Affairs, Business & Technology http://leaf-eu.org/recovery-and-resilience-facility-belgium-italy-austria-and-slovenia-submit-official-recovery-and-resilience-plans-the-european-sting-critical-news-insights-on-european-politics-economy-fore/ Mon, 03 May 2021 07:30:00 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/recovery-and-resilience-facility-belgium-italy-austria-and-slovenia-submit-official-recovery-and-resilience-plans-the-european-sting-critical-news-insights-on-european-politics-economy-fore/

(Credit: Unsplash)

This article is brought to you in collaboration with the European Commission.


The Commission has received official recovery and resilience plans from Belgium, Italy, Austria and Slovenia. These plans define the reforms and public investment projects that each Member State plans to implement with the support of the Recovery and Resilience Mechanism (FRR).

The RRF is the key instrument at the heart of NextGenerationEU, the EU’s plan to emerge stronger from the COVID-19 pandemic. It will provide up to € 672.5 billion to support investments and reforms (at 2018 prices). This breaks down into grants totaling 312.5 billion euros and 360 billion euros in loans. The FRR will play a crucial role in helping Europe to emerge stronger from the crisis and in ensuring green and digital transitions.

The presentation of these plans follows an intensive dialogue between the Commission and the national authorities of these Member States in recent months.

Belgium’s recovery and resilience plan

In the plan it presented, Belgium requested a total of 5.9 billion euros in grants under the FRR.

The Belgian plan is structured around six pillars: climate, sustainability and innovation; digital transformation; mobility; social and inclusive; economy of the future and productivity; and public finances. The projects of the plan cover the entire life of the FRR until 2026. The plan proposes projects in the seven key European areas.

Italy’s recovery and resilience plan

In the plan it presented, Italy requested total support of € 191.5 billion under the FRR, including € 68.9 billion in grants and € 122.6 billion in loans. .

The Italian plan is structured around six areas: digitization, innovation, competitiveness and culture; green revolution and ecological transition; infrastructure for sustainable mobility; education and research; cohesion and inclusion; health. The projects of the plan cover the entire life of the FRR until 2026. The plan proposes projects in the seven key European areas.

Austria’s recovery and resilience plan

Austria’s recovery and resilience plan includes measures totaling 4.5 billion euros.

The Austrian plan is structured around four political priorities. These include reform and investment measures linked to: green valuation, covering renovation, mobility, biodiversity, circular economy and climate neutrality; digital recovery, covering broadband, schools, public service and businesses; knowledge-based recovery, including research, development and retraining, education and strategic innovation; and equitable recovery, encompassing health care, resilient communities, art and culture, and reform. The projects of the plan cover the entire life of the FRR until 2026. The plan proposes projects in the seven key European areas.

Slovenia’s Recovery and Resilience Plan

In the plan it presented, Slovenia requested total support of € 2.5 billion under the FRR, comprising € 1.8 billion in grants and € 700 million in loans.

The Slovenian plan is structured around four priority pillars: green transition; digital transformation; smart, sustainable and inclusive growth; health and well-being, including investments and reforms in long-term care and social housing. The projects of the plan cover the entire life of the FRR until 2026. The plan proposes projects in the seven key European areas.

Next steps

The Commission will assess the plans in the next two months on the basis of the eleven criteria set out in the regulation and translate their content into legally binding acts. This assessment will include, in particular, an examination of whether the plans are contributing to effectively addressing all or a significant subset of the challenges identified in the country-specific recommendations issued as part of the European Semester. The Commission will also assess whether plans devote at least 37% of spending to investments and reforms that support climate goals and 20% to digital transition.

The Council will generally have four weeks to adopt the Commission’s proposal for a Council implementing decision.

The approval of the plans by the Council would pave the way for the disbursement of a pre-financing of 13% to these Member States. This is subject to the entry into force of the own resources decision, which must first be approved by all Member States.

The Commission has now received a total of 13 recovery and resilience plans, from Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia and Slovakia. It will continue to work actively with other Member States to help them implement high quality plans.




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FAO and BADEA sign memorandum of understanding to promote agricultural infrastructure development http://leaf-eu.org/fao-and-badea-sign-memorandum-of-understanding-to-promote-agricultural-infrastructure-development/ Mon, 03 May 2021 05:20:46 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/fao-and-badea-sign-memorandum-of-understanding-to-promote-agricultural-infrastructure-development/

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (BADEA) signed a memorandum of understanding for future collaboration aimed at promoting the development of agricultural infrastructure and vocational training for women and young people. The deal would also advance climate-smart agriculture in Africa.

FAO Director-General Dr Qu Dongyu and BADEA Director-General Sidi Ould Tah signed the agreement on April 29 in a virtual ceremony during a high-level dialogue hosted by the Bank African Development Fund and the International Fund for Agricultural Development, in partnership with the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa and the CGIAR Global Partnership.

“Africa is a top priority for FAO,” Qu Dongyu said. With this agreement, “we want to modernize African agriculture and make it more efficient, more inclusive and more sustainable,” he added.

The pact formalizes and extends a lasting cooperative relationship between the two entities and advances one of the goals of the two-day dialogue: stronger partnerships to scale up African food systems.

“Our High Level Dialogue on Food for Africa provides a platform for commitments to advance the transformation of Africa’s agriculture and food systems,” said Atsuko Toda, Acting Vice President of Africa. the Bank for Agriculture, Human and Social Development, and its Director of Agricultural Finance and Rural Development.

“Virtual signing of MoU between Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa shows international interest in scaling up programs and policies that work across the continent, ”she added.

The MoU also covers private sector engagement in agriculture, market information, development of agricultural value chains, increasing production and productivity for pastoralists as spheres collaboration.

The Bank is supporting collaborative efforts to boost Africa’s agricultural productivity through its Technologies for Agricultural Transformation in Africa (TAAT) initiative – a partnership of the African Development Bank, CGIAR, Bill & Melinda Foundation Gates, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa.

In a partnership with TAAT, Ethiopian President Sahle-Work Zewde told the virtual dialogue audience that “the government has identified key priority intervention areas to increase the productivity of small farmers and expand production large-scale wheat market with an ambitious plan to achieve wheat self-sufficiency by 2023. “

Youth participation in agribusiness will be essential, said Bank President Akinwumi A. Adesina. “Young people are the ones who will use drones, they use satellite imagery, they use remote sensing.”

The two-day dialogue brought together 18 African heads of state as well as Agnes Kalibata, Special Envoy of the United Nations Secretary-General for the 2021 Food Systems Summit; Tony Blair, executive chairman of the Institute for Global Change; heads of FAO, BADEA, Islamic Development Bank Group and Afreximbank, among others.

“We need your strong political leadership to make Africa an African power,” Adesina told African leaders. “We have the technologies and the technology delivery platforms. We need better policy incentives and better access to finance to support agricultural transformation.”


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Meet ‘Mochi’, the Chinese-made mobile charging robot for Envision’s electric vehicles http://leaf-eu.org/meet-mochi-the-chinese-made-mobile-charging-robot-for-envisions-electric-vehicles/ Mon, 03 May 2021 05:10:41 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/meet-mochi-the-chinese-made-mobile-charging-robot-for-envisions-electric-vehicles/

Envision, a technology company specializing in wind turbines and energy management software, presented its very first mobile charging robot. The new device, dubbed “Mochi”, will soon be available to charge electric vehicles (EVs), increasingly widespread in China, with 100% green electricity.

A new device with a name that looks a bit like a Japanese pastry shop, Mochi, could prove to be a game changer for mobility in China. In a market that has massively adopted EVs in line with the environmental ambitions of the People’s Republic, the mobile charging robot will facilitate and accelerate a green revolution. According to its manufacturer, Envision, Mochi is compatible with most electric vehicles currently on the country’s roads.

Unveiled at Envision’s Net-Zero Day in Shanghai, the device will be the first mass-produced charging robot powered by 100% green electricity. The Chinese company has pledged that the first units will be available in June, when drivers will also be able to book charging services through the dedicated Mochi app.

Mochi is compatible with most consumer EVs in the Chinese market. Powered by Envision batteries, the robot has a capacity of 70 kWh and a power of 42 kW, allowing it to charge an EV in just two hours with enough electricity for a range of up to 600 kilometers. Mochi will benefit from Envision Group’s EnOSTM intelligent operating system, which connects and manages more than 200 gigawatts of renewable energy assets around the world. The system will provide the device with 100% access to green electricity, allowing electric vehicles, billed by Mochi, to offer passengers a truly green ride (1 gigawatt equals one billion watts).

A flexible solution

After subscribing to the service through the Mochi app, EV drivers can leave their cars and rely on Mochi to find them. Once instructed to charge an electric vehicle, Mochi will locate it using his precise navigation system and automatically connect to the vehicle. While charging is in progress, Envision’s EnOSTM system will monitor the EV battery in real time and perform a comprehensive health exam to ensure it is completely safe.

Mochi will provide a flexible solution in response to the growing demand for EV charging in Asia. At the same time, mainland drivers can expect to park in more places and no longer have to endure the time-consuming hassle of finding very often busy charging points.

“The smart device is also a link that brings green energy into people’s daily lives and enables everyone to adopt a net zero life in advance,” said Zhang Lei, CEO of Envision. The company, which has R&D and engineering centers in Asia, Europe and North America, has installed more than 2,400 wind turbines worldwide and provided software used in more than 6,000.

In 2020, some 1.37 million electric vehicles were sold in China, representing 9% of the country’s automotive market, the largest in the world.

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Blackpool Council 2021 by-election: Norbeck’s candidates and their priorities http://leaf-eu.org/blackpool-council-2021-by-election-norbecks-candidates-and-their-priorities/ Mon, 03 May 2021 04:00:00 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/blackpool-council-2021-by-election-norbecks-candidates-and-their-priorities/

Four candidates vie for the seat of Norbreck on May 6, vacant following the death of former council head Peter Callow in November.

Mr Callow retained the seat in the 2019 local election as an independent not aligned with his wife Maxine, after the couple were deselected by the Conservative Party.

However, the Tory candidates in 2019 were not far behind, while Labor and Liberal Democrats fared less well.

Pam Haslam (independent)

I have lived in Mossom Lane for 35 years, am married, have two sons living there and five grandchildren, so I have always been interested in Norbreck, believing that the people of Norbreck should have a say in what is needed in their neighborhood.

As an independent advisor, I believe I can help achieve this goal.

I was a magistrate of Fylde for 25 years, being appointed vice president of the Fylde Coast, president of the Norbreck and Bowling tennis Club and governor of Montgomery High School for seven years.

I have known Maxine and Peter Callow for 30 years and believe that by working with Maxine we can continue the good work they both worked tirelessly for in the interest of the Norbreck neighborhood.

Julie Jones (work)

I am honored to have been chosen as the Labor Party candidate in my region of Norbreck.

I know firsthand how Covid can impact people, and I want to be part of a board that works to give others the support they need, including those who have lost loved ones.

I was born and raised in Blackpool so this is a place close to my heart. I came back here after college to work in the leisure industry, later becoming a lifeguard trainer / assessor.

I am a passionate conservationist studying ecology and conservation, and volunteer for the North Blackpool Pond Trail, Big Blackpool Beach Clean and support the Lancashire Wildlife Trust. I also volunteer with other local charities and pledge to make this commitment to the local community my role as an advisor if I am elected on May 6th.

Simon Jowitt (Liberal Democrats)

Over the past 12 months, communities have taken care of each other in ways not seen in many years.

I want this sense of community to continue in Norbreck, where I have lived with my wife and children for over 10 years.

As a key worker, I have felt a great sense of pride in playing my role during the lockdown, and I want the residents of Norbreck to feel the same sense of pride in our area.

As a parent of a disabled child, I will be a champion for adults and children with additional needs

I want all children to have the best possible start in life and to grow up in a safe and clean environment. Blackpool should be at the forefront of the green revolution.

The Liberal Democrats want to plan for the future and build a fairer, greener and more caring Britain and I believe that is something we can achieve here in Blackpool.

Julie Sloman (Conservative)

I know that some people feel that they have no say in the matter and that they have no choice as to where the city seems to be heading.

Running for this election is a way for me to help people find and use their voice, and to give them real choices about the things that matter to them and that are important to them.

Throughout my life working in nursing and social care I have worked hard to foster a deeper sense of belonging to the local community and the great family of Blackpool.

We are at our best when we all work together towards the same goal, contributing to our friends, family and community.

I have worked hard to guide my own children on the often difficult and arduous path of adulthood. It helped build not only their own determination and self-confidence, but also my own reserves of strength, pragmatism, determination and resilience.




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Why the Sunrise (ASX: SRL) share price jumped 13% this morning http://leaf-eu.org/why-the-sunrise-asx-srl-share-price-jumped-13-this-morning/ Mon, 03 May 2021 02:15:55 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/why-the-sunrise-asx-srl-share-price-jumped-13-this-morning/

the Sunrise Energy Metals Ltd (ASX: SRL) The share price soared to the sky this morning, rising nearly 13% in early trading. At the time of writing, shares of the mining exploration company are down slightly and are trading at $ 2.35 – up 5.86% at Friday’s close. By comparison, the Index of all S & P / ASX ordinaries (ASX: XAO) is 0.07% higher.

Today’s price hike comes as the company announced a “bonanza grade platinum intersection” from one of its locations.

Let’s take a closer look at what’s happening today and what it means for the Sunrise share price.

Why the Sunrise share price is rising

In a statement to ASX, Sunrise Energy Metals (formerly Clean TeQ Holdings) says it has found “significant” results from its platinum development at the Sunrise project in New South Wales.

The best result, according to the company, was a 0.6m wide ore containing 129g per tonne of platinum, 1.23g per tonne of palladium, 1.79g per tonne of rhodium, 4.0g per tonne of iridium, 0.89 g per tonne of osmium, and 0.28 g per tonne of ruthenium.

Sunrise says its drilling results show the potential for even larger discoveries in the Phoenix Platinum area, which is part of the project.

Collectively, the metals found in this ore sample are referred to as platinum group elements (PGEs). Investors are pleased with the big discovery of the company, judging by the performance of the Sunrise share price this morning.

Sunrise Energy Metals Co-Chairman Robert Friedland said:

We have long suspected that Sunrise laterite may be the weathered surface expression of an Alaskan-style dunitic system that lies beneath it – by the end of the 19th century this region was the largest source of platinum in the world and remains the site of the only primary platinum mine in Australia.

He added:

While this new and exciting development is still in its early stages, this incredibly high platinum interception is very encouraging in terms of the potential for what may lie beneath this astonishing Sunrise ore body. We will follow this initial success with great enthusiasm.

PGE commodity trading

Prices for PGE metals have increased in the commodities market since the start of the year.

Platinum is 12.77% higher (US $ 1,202.43 per troy ounce), palladium is up 20.29% (US $ 2,945.90 per troy ounce) and rhodium is incredibly higher by 73.53% since the start of 2021 (US $ 29,500 per troy ounce).

According to the Trading Economics website, PGE metals are expected to continue their ascent for the foreseeable future as government and industry invest in greener technologies. PGE metals are used as catalysts to reduce emissions from fuel car engines.

Other metals experiencing similar increases due to the Green Revolution are lithium and copper.

Overview of the Sunrise share price

In the last 12 months, the Sunrise share price has increased by 14%. It is, however, 38% below its 52-week high of $ 3.85. This record was reached in September 2020.

Based on its current valuation, Sunrise Energy Metals has a market cap of $ 196 million.

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Motley Fool contributor Marc Sidarous has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool Australia has no position in any of the stocks mentioned. The Motley Fool has a disclosure policy. This article only contains general investment advice (under AFSL 400691). Authorized by Bruce Jackson.


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It’s consumers’ turn to support farmers: The Tribune India http://leaf-eu.org/its-consumers-turn-to-support-farmers-the-tribune-india/ Mon, 03 May 2021 01:39:00 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/its-consumers-turn-to-support-farmers-the-tribune-india/

RS Sidhu and BS Dhillon

PROMOTING a free market economy in agriculture in India has been a subject of debate since 1991, when reforms in the industrial and financial sectors were introduced. Then came the WTO agreement in 1995, of which India was one of the first signatories. As part of this agreement, quantitative restrictions on trade in agricultural products were removed, bound tariff rates were negotiated for various crops, and a maximum level of agricultural subsidies was set for developed and developing countries. It has been argued that large-scale reforms are needed to loosen the growth of agriculture. Last year, the Union government enacted three laws with the avowed aim of making agricultural markets more competitive for better crop prices for farmers, as they would be able to sell their produce outside of APMC markets. designated to any buyer (processor, aggregator, bulk buyer, trader, FPO, etc.).

Over the past 10 years, it appears that the benefits of PSM and government procurement are widely enjoyed by only 7-8 states, while in other states, farmers are confronted with market forces and receive the benefits. price their products accordingly. Further, the narrative is being worked out that the MSP has lost its usefulness as a result of increased food grain production in states other than Punjab and Haryana, and buffer stocks reaching up to ‘to 80 million tonnes. The food subsidy bill becomes burdensome, justifying public procurement to be reduced, rationed and undertaken in the consumption areas themselves in the name of rationalization and profitability. The MSP and the public procurement system should be analyzed for its role and advantages over the so-called free market economy in Indian agriculture which is promoted by the laws of 2020.

The Agricultural Prices Commission, now called the Agricultural Costs and Prices Commission (CACP), and the Food Corporation of India were established in 1965 to recommend the MSP of various crops and procure food grains for the public distribution system ( PDS). During this period, India faced a severe food shortage and depended on food imports. The objectives of the MSP were to encourage production through better and assured crop prices, supported by government-assured marketing, and to make food available and accessible to poor consumers at low prices for overall national food security through at the PDS. The guaranteed prices encouraged farmers to adopt new technologies in the form of improved seeds, chemical fertilizers and to invest in private farms in irrigation (tube wells), tractors and other agricultural machinery. The government created market infrastructure under the APMC Act to manage products, facilitated connections to tube wells, and provided institutional loans at subsidized interest rates. Punjab, Haryana and a few other states have adopted new technologies and diverted land and other resources to food grain production. As a result, India has become not only self-sufficient in food products, but also an exporter of rice and wheat. The policy also deliberately kept food prices low through the PSM in order to protect the interests of consumers when improved technologies led to a substantial increase in agricultural productivity and production during the Revolution. green and thereafter.

The Punjab was at the forefront of harnessing the potential of improved technology. Its production of food grains increased from 33.9 tonnes of lakh in 1965-66 to 306.9 tonnes of lakh in 2019-20. Other irrigated regions also followed and benefited insofar as their agro-climatic conditions, their natural resource endowments and their infrastructure allowed. However, during this process, the Punjab and other states overexploited their natural land and water resources.

The MSP and public procurement system is effectively implemented for wheat and paddy in surplus producing states like the Punjab. In states like the UP, public procurement at the MSP is limited, while Bihar represents the case of an unregulated free agricultural market where the APMC law was abolished in 2006. Agricultural crop prices were reviewed by report to MSP for paddy and wheat in these states. MSP was effectively carried out by farmers in Punjab, while prices of wheat and paddy during the immediate harvest season were lower than in UP and Bihar. For example, the FHP (agricultural harvest price) was equal to the MSP in Punjab, while it was 7-14% (paddy) and 4-5% (wheat) lower in the UP, and 20% lower in 25% (paddy) and 10-20% (wheat) in Bihar in 2013-18. It indicates the economic benefits of the presence of the public sector in purchasing operations. In addition, the release of agricultural markets from the APMC law in Bihar has not resulted in better discovery of product prices for farmers. Conversely, in Punjab, regulated markets provided PSM to farmers through public procurement and aggregation of products in APMC markets as well as through better market infrastructure.

The MSP is advertised for 23 crops, but is received by farmers for wheat and paddy in a few states due to economies of scale in supply operations. In other states, market prices are lower than the MSP. This raises many questions about the relevance of PSM. First, it defeats the MSP’s goal of providing farmers with an economic incentive to produce, covering the cost of production. It was implicitly assumed that higher demand than supply in deficit areas would result in higher market prices than MSP, which in reality does not occur, resulting in economic losses for farmers. Second, what is the logic of announcing PSM when it is not assured to farmers?

Chalk and cheese

It is claimed that the new agricultural laws will create an alternative market outside the market designated by the APMC and improve the competitiveness of marketing for better price realization. Producer-sellers are very numerous, poor, less educated or uneducated, unorganized and unaware of the harsh consequences of free market forces. On the other hand, buyers (traders and businesses) are relatively fewer in number, resourceful, better informed, well organized, equipped with information on the forces of supply and demand, and well connected to take advantage of financial resources. PSM is always relevant for agricultural growth because the prices of the output play a key role. The agricultural sector recorded a growth of 4% largely driven by prices during the 11th five-year plan. Higher prices directly increase farmers’ incomes and subsequently contribute to the adoption of modern agricultural production technologies and practices for higher productivity. In large parts of the country, there are still large gaps in the adoption of the technology due to the lack of capital, which can be filled by increasing the profitability of the farming system. Agriculture mobilizes around 50% of the workforce and ensures the food security of the nation, hence the need to ensure secure livelihoods and better living conditions for farmers. That the MSP be made compulsory for all transactions and that the effect of rising agricultural prices be passed on to consumers. Farmers have supported consumers with low food prices in the past and now it is consumers’ turn to support farmers. Poor consumers can be covered by expanding the food safety net, if necessary, which will also help to balance supply and demand.

The authors are respectively Registrar and VC, PAU, Ludhiana




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Sikhs have struggled with oppression from the start http://leaf-eu.org/sikhs-have-struggled-with-oppression-from-the-start/ Sun, 02 May 2021 21:19:37 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/sikhs-have-struggled-with-oppression-from-the-start/

The news of the recent mass shooting in Indianapolis was heartbreaking and infuriating. Gun violence is a repeated and constant problem in our country. The xenophobic, racist and targeted nature of this shooting was an act of hatred and white supremacy, but in addition, it was an act against my community and my identity.

My family and I are still potential victims. It feels like we are in a vicious cycle of anti-Asian hate crimes and racist police brutality. The deaths of Daunte Wright, Adam Toledo, George Floyd and Ma’Khia Bryant were all products of systemic racism. The murder of eight people in this mass shooting, including four Sikhs, is a product of hatred.

When can we catch our breath? When contempt for blacks and

brown bodies end? When will the proliferation of hate end?

It is devastating that as a nation we have become numb to these crimes because of their recurring nature. The news that this mass shooting was a racist hate crime came as no shock. How can I be shocked when the history of the Sikhs is riddled with ignorance and violence against us?

Birinderjit Singh lights a candle during a vigil at Plymouth Gurudwara Sahib in honor of four members of the Sikh community who were killed in a mass shooting at a FedEx center in Indianapolis last week.

From our fight for justice against the Mughals in the 1500s and 1600s and the execution of Sri Guru Arjan Dev Ji to Sri Guru Hargobind Ji’s call for the release of Hindu prisoners; from Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji, Chaar Sahibzaade, and the creation of the great sacrifices of the Khalsa Panth in the struggle for religious freedom to anti-colonization efforts in South Asia; to serve in the world wars for the US and UK at the Jallianwala Bagh massacre 102 years ago on Vaisakhi; from the bloodshed during the partition of the Punjab in 1947 to Gandhi’s broken promise of an independent state for the Sikhs; of the Green Revolution of the 1960s, which led to exponential suicides of farmers and


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Sunday Sharing Tips: Crossword Cybersecurity, InterContinental Hotels Group http://leaf-eu.org/sunday-sharing-tips-crossword-cybersecurity-intercontinental-hotels-group/ Sun, 02 May 2021 18:04:47 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/sunday-sharing-tips-crossword-cybersecurity-intercontinental-hotels-group/

the Financial Mail on SundayThe Midas column of Midas told readers to “buy” shares of Crossword cybersecurity, highlighting its role in the development of Covid-19 certificates.

While the firm is still a “minnow,” it was working with one of the World Wide Web’s key creators, David Chadwick, on how to secure its certificates against fraud while protecting user privacy.

“The project could prove to be a major source of business for Crossword at home and abroad, but the company has several other strings to its bow,” said Midas.

In addition to advising governments and businesses on how to guard against cyber attacks, Crossword has also actively sought promising research in universities in order to commercialize it.

One such piece of equipment is Rizikon, which helps companies protect their supply chains from malware that then gets installed on corporate customers.

Leaving the University of the city, the use of his services had been “enthusiastic”.

Crossword’s board of directors also reassured, its chairman, Sir Richard Dearlove, having spent more than 30 years at MI6, including five at its head, added the tipster.

The long-term potential of the company was underscored by the successful IPO of its much larger competitor Darktrace at a valuation of £ 1.7 billion.

“In last week’s results, Crossword announced a ten-fold division of the shares so that investors were offered ten shares worth about 34 pence each for each share held.

“This move should give Crossword a short-term boost in the stock market and the long-term outlook is also bright. Crossword is a well-run company operating in several fast-growing areas of the cyber market. Buy.”

The Sunday Times‘s Sabah Meddings said InterContinental Hotels Group the shares were “locked in” given the short-term risks to its franchisees and the resumption of the share price to pre-pandemic levels.

Its franchisees were in many cases small businesses and some of them were likely to run into problems once government support wore off.

In addition, some measures, such as keeping hotels open to accommodate frontline workers or introducing a flexible cancellation policy, were not good for franchisees.

InterContinental shares were trading above their February 2020 level, proof that investors had anticipated a strong rally, Meddings said.

Yet the group’s sales had more than halved in 2020 and Barclay analysts did not expect its revenue per available room to pick up to pre-Covid levels until 2023.

“IHG must now justify its valuation of 9.4 billion pounds when it releases its results for the first three months of the year on Friday.




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RattanIndia enters EV space – EE Times India http://leaf-eu.org/rattanindia-enters-ev-space-ee-times-india/ Sun, 02 May 2021 17:23:15 +0000 http://leaf-eu.org/rattanindia-enters-ev-space-ee-times-india/