Bible scholars have speculated that the skull of the giant Goliath slain by David is buried under the spot where Jesus was crucified.
David and Goliath is a story described in the biblical book of Samuel in which the giant warrior is defeated in single combat by the young boy, who would become the king of Israel.
Bible scholars always try to look for historical evidence that the stories told in their holy book actually happened to help support Christianity.
And a theory proposed by many people claims that Goliath’s skull could in fact be buried under the place where Jesus was crucified outside of Jerusalem.
No one has yet launched an excavation to find the skull, and questions remain about the historical existence of the biblical version of the legend.
It is believed that Jesus was crucified in the area known as Golgotha, which is translated in the Gospels in place of the skull.
Bible theorists have proposed that Golgotha may be the site of Goliath’s skull burial, or at least where it was exhibited by David.
The story goes that David cut off the giant’s head after killing him with his slingshot.
Goliath is said to have measured between 6 feet 9 inches and 9 feet 9 inches in height, the latter being considered an overestimate caused by a poor translation.
The myth goes that Goliath, fighting for the Philistines, challenged the Israelite army to have any man face them in a single fight.
David – who brings food to the battlefield – accepts the challenge and throws a stone in Goliath’s face, knocking him down, before beheading him.
Christian Minister Bonnie Nelson, of Firestorm Ministries, suggested that the head should be buried at Golgotha because it fulfills the prophecies set out in Genesis.
For her website, she writes: “I would say logically, looking at this stuff, David took the head of Goliath, and buried in Jerusalem on Golgatha hill.
“And that’s why it became known as Skull Hill. Could it really be that simple?
For Nelson, Goliath represents the “serpent’s seed” spoken of in the first book of the Bible – so she said, “if Goliath’s head was buried there, it fulfilled Genesis.”
Judeo-Christian thinker Ken Ammi also supports Goliath’s skull theory at Golgotha.
He wrote: “Goliath was from Gath, so Golgotha may be a compound word that combines Goliath and Gath.
“It may be that Golgotha was designated as such because of the skull-shaped rocks or the skull of Goliath buried there or a combination of the two: perhaps his skull was buried where the rocks look like a skull.
“Finally, if it hasn’t been moved and we have the right location, maybe one day archaeologists will dig up Goliath’s skull.”
Rick Shenk of Bethlehem College & Seminary believes Goliath’s head may have been impaled at Golgotha.
He writes: “David brought the severed skull to Jerusalem. Strange, because Jerusalem was not the capital of David, but a city of the enemies of God.
“What did he do with the giant head, the head of the bronze serpent?”
“Maybe he impaled her on a hill outside of town, visible to everyone.
He added: “Hundreds of years later, Jesus was crucified at the ‘place of the skull’ outside of Jerusalem.
“But why was this place called Golgotha in Jesus’ day?
“The text doesn’t tell us, but it’s fascinating that this place name looks a lot like Goliath.
“Whether or not Goliath of Gath is the correct etymology of Golgotha, it is to this same city that the head of Goliath was taken. It was on that very hill where Jesus’ feet were pierced with nails.
The Christian travel agency Living Passages is also the link between Golgotha and Goliath.
In an article on their website, they said, “Some believe that David cutting off Goliath’s head could be the symbol of Jesus crushing the head of the enemy with his resurrection.”
They added, “Although it is highly speculative, Golgotha looks a lot like Goliath.
“Could this be the real reason the site is called ‘skull’?” It’s possible.”
Earlier this year, archaeologists excavating Goliath’s hometown, Gath , unearthed a new layer of ruins dating from the time of the biblical battle.
Excavation director Aren Maeir of Bar Ilan University in Israel said the find came as a surprise after 23 years.
He said: “We now know that the size and awe-inspiring nature of the early Iron Age city is very different from what was previously thought.
“It was assumed that the city had reached its great size during the 10th and 9th centuries BC.”
Maeir added: “It now seems that the city of the early Iron Age – 11th century BC and possibly before – could have been even bigger and more impressive.
Perhaps the legends of giants among the Philistines, and in particular of Gath – Goliath and others – might have arisen, among other reasons, seeing the impressive monumental remains of the city in the centuries following its destruction.
The newly discovered fortifications were said to be 13 feet wide, while the walls of later periods were up to 8 feet wide.
The building blocks themselves are also taller, measuring up to 6.5 feet in the “ Goliath ” layer and only half a meter 1.6 feet in later layers.
Three years ago, researchers revealed that they had identified the very first Philistine cemetery as historians piece together the mystery of Goliath.
The 3,000-year-old site was discovered in Ashkelon, in southern Israel.
Archaeologists hoped it would help piece together the mysterious ancient civilization.
Skeletons were found at the site – but unfortunately none of them were giant in size as the remains of Goliath’s location remain unknown.
In terms of direct evidence of a historical Goliath, the closest thing archaeologists have is a shard unearthed in 2005 that featured two names with a root similar to Goliath.
Gath was finally destroyed in 830 BC by Hazael of Aram Damascus.
David’s defeat against Goliath paved the way for him to become king and one of the most important figures of the Old Testament.
He is presented in the Bible as the ideal king and Jesus is described as a descendant of David.